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HISTORY OF COMPUTER COMMUNICATIONS

Last updated: 2010, June 11

HISTORY OF COMPUTER COMMUNICATIONS 1 page
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Overview of History of Computer Communications 1968 - 1988 3 pages
Overview Home
    Summaries
    Market Research
         
Market Research 17 pages
Computer Communication Revenue Market Sectors 1970-1988
Computer Terminal Sales 1968-1988
Computer Communications Market Pie Chart
Computer Communications Revenue Reconciliation
Product Categories and Firms
Computer Communications Start Ups
Timing Start Ups Financing
Computer Communication Consolidation
Income Statement Analysis
Balance Sheet Analysis
Financial History Aligned
Cash Use of Pre IPO Capital
Market Windows Organization Ecology
Entrepreneurial Profits
Forecasting Uncertainties
Dominant Design Examples
Synoptics 3Com Analysis
    
Market Sectors Section 12 pages
Market Sectors Home
Explore By Market Sectors Page
Explore By Market Sectors: Data Communications
    Data Communications Firm Interrelations 1968 - 1988
    Data Communication SectorIncome Statements
Explore By Market Sectors: Networking
    Networking Sector Income Statements
    Networking Market Structure Analysis
    Selection Pressure In Networking
    Analysis of LAN vs Data PBX Innovations
Explore By Market Sectors: Internetworking
    Internetworking Income Statements
    
Technologies & Products 2 pages
Technologies Home
Products Home
    
Entreprenurial Capitalism and Innovation:
The History of Computer Communication 1968-1988 by James Pelkey
Book: Table of Contents
         
Introduction/ Entreprenerial Capitalism & Innovation
0.0  Introduction to Book
0.1   Entrepreneurial Capitalism
0.2   From Ideas to Entrepreneurs to Adaptive Corporations
0.3   Firms constructing social networks as Populations
0.4   Three Revolutions in Computer Technologies and Corporate Usage 1968-1988
0.5   Institutional Change in Communications: Deregulation and Break-up of AT&T
0.6   Brief Overview of Computer Communications 1968-1988
0.7   Author's Comments
0.8   Interviewees - Interview Date Information
         
I Data Communications: Emergence 1956-1968 / Modems and Multiplexers
1.0  Overview
1.1  Beginnings of Modem Competition: Codex and Milgo 1956-1967
1.2  Carterfone, AT&T and the FCC 1948- 1967
1.3  The Remarkable Growth in the Use of Computers
1.4   The FCC and Computer Inquiry I 1966-1967
1.5   Codex and Milgo: Needing Money 1967-1968
1.6   Multiplexer Innovation: American Data Systems 1966-1968
1.7   Euphoric Markets and Venture Capital 1967-1968
1.8   Codex and Milgo Become Public Companies 1968
1.9   American Data Systems Off and Running 1968
1.10   Carterfone, Computer Inquiry and Deregulation 1967-1968
1.11   In Perspective
         
II Networking: Vision and Packet Switching 1959 - 1968 / Intergalactic Vision to Arpanet
2.0   Overview
2.1   IntergalacticNetwork 1962-1964.html
2.2   The Seminal Experiment: 1965
2.3   Circuit Switching
2.4   Paul Baran - 1959-1965
2.5   Donald Davies - 1965-1966
2.6   Packet Switching
2.7   Planning the Arpanet
2.8   The RFQ and Bidding: 1968
2.9   Bolt Beranek and Newman:The Winning Bid 1968
2.10   In Perspective
         
III Data Communications: Market Competition 1969-1972 / Modems and Multiplexers
3.0   Overview
3.1   Entrepreneurism Flourishes 1968 - 1972
3.2   The Economic Roller Coaster 1969 -1975
3.3   AT&T and Computer Inquiry IÂ 1969
3.4   Codex Encounters Unexpected Problems: 1969
3.5   ADS Has a Blockbuster 19693.5 ADS Has a Blockbuster 1969
3.6   CodexTurnsCorner70
3.7   ADS Hits a Wall: 1970
3.8   AT&T and Computer Inquiry 1970-1971
3.9   Firms and Collective Behavior: The Creation of the IDCMA 1971
3.10   Codex and the 9600: 1971
3.11   ADS Falls on Hard Times: 1971-1972
3.12   Codex Passes a Milestone: 1972
3.13   Data Communications 1972
3.14   In Perspective
         
IV Arpanet: 1969-1972 / The Beginnings of Computer Networks
4.0   Overview
4.1   The Communications Subnet: BBN 1969
4.2   Host-to-Host Software: The Network Working Group 1968-1969
4.3   Delivery of the First IM Pto UCLA Sept1969
4.4   IPTO Management Changes 1969
4.5   Host-to-Host Software - 1970
4.6   Network Topology - 1969-1970
4.7   Network Measurement Center - 1969-1970
4.8   Early Surprises 1969 - 1970
4.9   Host to Host Software 1970 - 1971
4.10   ALOHANET and Norm Abramson 1966 - 1972
4.11   NPL Network and Donald Davies 1966 - 1971
4.12   ICCC Demonstration 1971 - 1972
4.13   In Perspective
         
V Data Communications: Market Order 1973-1979 / LSI Modems, Statistical Multiplexers and Networks
5.0   Overview
5.1   Minicomputers, Distributed Data Processing and Microprocessors
5.2   The Justice Department: IBM and AT&T
5.3   Codex: LSI modems and Front-End Processors 1973
5.4   Wesley Chu and the Statistical Multiplexer 1966 - 1975
5.5   Codex: The LSI Modem and Competition 1974 -1975
5.6   ADS: Rebirth as Micom 1973 -1976
5.7   CPE Certification and Computer Inquiry II
5.8   Codex: The Statistical Multiplexer and Competition 1975-1976
5.9   Modems, Multiplexers and Networks 1976 - 1978
5.10   Micom: The Statistical Multiplexer 1976 - 1978
5.11   Codex and Motorola 1977 - 1978
5.13   In Perspective
         
VI Networking: Diffusion 1973-1979 / Networking Protocols and Local Area Networks
6.0  Overview
6.1 Commercializing Arpanet 1972 - 1975
6.2 Packet Radio and Robert Kahn: 1972-1974
6.3  CYCLADES Network and Louis Pouzin 1971 - 1972
6.4  Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) 1973-1976
6.5  A Proliferation of Communication Projects
6.6  Token Ring and David Farber, UC Irvine and the NSF 1969-1974
6.7  Ethernet and Robert Metcalfe and Xerox PARC 1971-1975
6.8 Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1974 - 1977
6.9  Metcalfe Joins the Systems Development Division of Xerox 1975-1978
6.10  Xerox Network System (XNS)77-78
6.10 Xerox Network System (XNS)77-78
6.12  Open System Interconnection (OSI) 1975 - 1979
6.13  National Bureau of Standards and MITRE 1971-1979
6.14 In Perspective
         
VII Networking: Emergence 1979-1981 / LANs and Data PBXs
7.0  Overview
7.1  NBS and MITRE Workshop of January 1979
7.2 Prime Computers
7.3 The Workshop
7.4 Robert Metcalfe and Consulting 1979
7.5 MIT- The Laboratory of Computer Science
7.6  Digital Equipment Corporation
7.7   The NBS and MITRE Workshop of May 1979
7.8  Zilog
7.9  The Symposium
7.10  The Return of Venture Capital
7.11  Robert Metcalfe and the Founding of 3Com
7.12  Robert Pliner and the Founding of Sytek
7.13  Ralph Ungermann and Charlie Bass and the Founding of Ungermann-Bass
7.14   Micom: The DataPBX and IPO 1978-1981
7.15  Codex: The DataPBX 1978-1981
7.16  Sytek: A Broadband Network and Needing Cash
7.17  Ungermann-Bass: Xerox, Broadband and Needing a Chip
7.18  3Com: Product Strategy and Waiting for a PC
7.19  In Perspective
         
VIII Networking: Turbulence 1981-1982 / The PBX, the IBM PC and the Chaos of Competition
8.0   Overview
8.1   Emerging LAN Competition 1981
8.2   Interlan
8.3   Bridge Communications
8.4   Proteon
8.5   Concord Data Systems
8.6   The Office of the Future: the PBX to CBX, and AT&T
8.7   The IBM PC and IBM Token Ring LAN 1981 - 1982
8.8   3Com, Ungermann-Bass and Sytek 1981
8.9   3Com
8.10   Ungermann-Bass
8.11   Sytek
8.12   Data Communication Competitors 1981-1982
8.13   Micom
8.14   Codex
8.15   Other Data Communication Competitors
8.16   Early LAN Competitors 1982
8.17   Interlan
8.18   Bridge Communications
8.19   Concord Data Systems
8.20   Second Wave LAN Competition  1982
8.21   Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
8.22   Excelan
8.23   Communications Machinery Corporation (CMC)
8.24   General Electric
8.25   Settlement of AT&T and IBM Anti-Trus tLawsuits
8.26   AT&T Settlement January 1982
8.27   AT&T Introduces CBXs & LANs
8.28   AT&T  CBXs LANs 1984
8.29  Does IBM Need Both LANs PBXs?
8.30  3Com, Ungermann-Bass and Sytek   1982
8.31  3Com
8.32  Ungermann-Bass
8.33  Sytek
8.34  Ethernet Chips: Boundless Hope Market Confusion
8.35  InPerspective
         
IX Standards: 1979-1984 / An Enabling Institution of Local Area Networking
9.0  Overview
9.1  Standards Making and the OSI Reference Model
9.2  IEEE Committee 802-1979-1980
9.3  DIX (Digital Equipment Corporation, Intel, and Xerox):Â 1979 - 1980
9.4  IEEE Committee 802 and DIX: 1980 - 1981
9.5   ISO/OSI (Open Systems Interconnection): 1979 - 1980
9.6   TCP/IP and XNS: 1979-1980
9.7   ISO/OSI (Open Systems Interconnection): 1981- 1982
9.8   TCP/IP and XNS 1981 - 1983
9.9   IEEE Committee 802: 1981 - 1982
9.10   ISO/OSI (Open Systems Interconnection): 1982 - 1983
9.11  The Emergence of Technological Order: 1983 - 1984
9.12   In Perspective
         
X Networking: LANs 1983 – 1986 / LANs Over Data PBX
10.0   Overview
10.1   Alex Brown & Sons Conference: March 1983
10.2   3ComUngermann-BassSytek 1982-1984
10.3   3Com
10.4   Ungermann-Bass
10.5   Sytek
10.6   EarlyLANCompetitors83–84
10.7   Interlan
10.8   Bridge Communications
10.9   Concord Data Systems
10.10   Second Wave LAN Competitors 1983-1984
10.11   Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
10.12   Excelan
10.13   Data Communication Competitors 1983-1984
10.14   Codex
10.15   Micom
10.16   New Data PBX Competitors
10.17   State Of Competition 1985
10.18   3Com, Ungermann-Bass, Sytek 1985-1986
10.19   3Com
10.20   Ungermann-Bass
10.21   Sytek
10.22   Early LAN Competitors 1985-1986
10.23   Interlan
10.24   Bridge Communications
10.25   Concord Data Systems
10.26   Second Wave Of LAN Competitors 1985-1986
10.27   Excelan
10.28   Communications Machinery Corporation
10.29   Data Communication Competitors 1985-1986
10.30   Codex
10.31   Micom Interlan
10.32   In Perspective
         
XI Data Communications: WANs 1979-1986 / Data Networks Become Wide Area Network
11.0   Overview
11.1   The Revolution of Digital Transmission 1982-1984
11.2   AT&T - T1s Tariffs 1982-1984
11.3   The T-1 Multiplexer
11.4   Beginnings Be Your Own Bell
11.5   Data Communications: First Signs of Digital Networks 1982-1985
11.6   General DataComm
11.7   Timeplex
11.8   Codex
11.9   Micom
11.10   Digital Communication Associates
11.11   Other Data Communication Firms
11.12   Tymnet And Caravan Project 1982
11.13   Entrepreneurs: The T-1 Start-Ups 1982-1985
11.14   Network Equipment Technologies
11.15   Cohesive Networks
11.16   Network Switching Systems
11.17   Spectrum Digital
11.18   Market Analysis: Samples of Expert’s Opinions 1984-1987
11.19   The Yankee Group
11.20   Datapro Research
11.21   Alex Brown & Sons
11.22   Salomon Brothers Inc.
11.23   T-1 Multiplexer OEM Relationships - 1985
11.24   Data Communication: Wide Area Networks 1985-1988
11.25   Digital Communication Associates
11.26   Network Equipment Technologies
11.27   Codex
11.28   Micom
11.29   Timeplex
11.30   Other Data Communication Firms
11.31   In Perspective
         
XII Internetworking 1983-1988 / LANs Over WANs
12   Overview
    
Individuals Interviewed 2 pages
Individuals Interviewed Home
    Individuals from Data Communications Sector
    Individuals from Networking Sector
    Individuals from Internetworking Sector
         
Art Carr  1 pages
Art Carr Interview
         
Donald Davies 1 pages
Donald Davis Interview
         
John Day 4 pages
John Day Home
    John Day Interview
    John Day C.V.
    John Day "Death and Birth of Innovation in Networking"
         
Jay Hill 1 pages
Jay Hill Interview
         
Phil Kaufman 1 pages
Phil Kaufman Interview
         
JCR Licklider 1 pages
J.C.R. Licklider Interview
         
Dan Lynch 2 pages
Dan Lynch Home
   Dan Lynch Interview
         
Bob Metcalf 1 pages
Bob Metcalfe
         
Paul Severino 1 pages
Paul Severino Interview
         
Bernie Strassburg 1 pages
Bernie Strassburg Interview
    
Organizations/ 6 pages
Organizations Home
    Start-Up Organizations
    Existing Organizations
    Government Organizations
    Non Governmental Organizations
    Standards and Regulatory Organizations
              
3Com Start-Up
3Com Home
    3ComSummaryIncomeStatement
    3ComBalanceSheet
              
Codex Start-Up
Codex Home
    CodexSummaryIncomeStatement
    CodexSelectedBalanceSheet.pdf
              
Micom Start-Up
Micom Home
    Micom Selected Balance Sheets 1978-1988
    Micom Income Balance Sheet 1977-1988
    Micom Selected Balance Sheet.pdf
    Micom Organizational Relationships
              
Network Equipment Technologies  Start-Up
Network Equipment Technologies Home
    NET Income Balance Sheet
    NET Income Statement
              
Ungerman-Bass  Start-Up
Ungerman Bass Home
    Ungermann Bass Balance Sheet
    Ungerman Bass Income Statement
              
Wellfleet  Start-Up
WellFleet Home
    Wellfleet Balance Sheet
    Wellfleet Income Statement
    
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